Next Stimulus Bill Will Likely Have These Three Major Changes

It seems like every day we are receiving more and more details about the next stimulus check bill as Senate and House leaders work behind the scenes on the next stimulus package. Congress reconvenes from its July 4th recess on July 20th to start stimulus debates and as that date draws near, more information is being dripped out.

Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-KY) stated in a July 13th interview that he and Treasury Secretary Mnuchin have “been working on this [the next stimulus bill] for several weeks.” Discussion points include another stimulus check, extending unemployment benefits, and even funding to help schools reopen.

McConnell is also disclosing several significant changes that Republicans and Democrats will discuss to start the legislative process but may cause some friction.

The “menu of options” is continually changing as the national health and employment situation changes. For instance, the stimulus a month ago was more likely to have pro-growth incentives like “back to work” bonuses as states were reopening rapidly and infection rates were low.

Fast forward to today and the near-term economic outlook is more uncertain. Multiple states are ratcheting back their reopening plans to counter a surge in new COVID-19 cases. Big bank CEOs in their July 2020 earnings calls mention they are preparing for a wave of personal finance malaise if federal stimulus benefits cease.

The upcoming stimulus bill is now more likely to emphasize extending unemployment benefits and issuing a second stimulus check for those with the greatest financial need.

Republicans and Democrats are seeking to balance their existing stimulus proposals to benefit taxpayers who need aid the most but without a hefty price tag.

When the House of Representatives passed the Heroes Act, the stimulus measures weres very similar to the Cares Act. It seems like the next stimulus bill will like have have a few major differences.

Cares Act

Let’s take a look at what was in the Cares Act that became law in late March.

Some of the signature pieces of this bill include:

  • One-time $1,200 stimulus check for adults (and $500 for children)
  • Weekly $600 federal unemployment benefit until July 31st
  • Waived interest payments on most federal student loans until September 30th
  • “Paycheck Protection Program” (PPP) small business loans
  • No 10% early withdrawal penalty from retirement accounts for qualifying coronavirus-related expenses
  • Temporary waiver for required minimum distributions (RMDs)

There are many positives in this bill including stimulus checks for those who do not file tax returns and unemployment benefits for those who don’t qualify for state unemployment insurance.

However, there are several glaring flaws as the Cares Act legislative process was rushed. The general public and the government agencies responsible for administering the benefits had to work out several problems to get the aid money moving.

One of the most immediate frustrations was determining who qualifies for a stimulus check. Income phaseouts began at $75,000 for single taxpayers and $150,000 for joint taxpayers based on your most recent tax return info. It turns out several groups could not receive full payment including college students and spouses without a Social Security Number.

Also, states were not ready to issue the $600 weekly federal benefit to the self-employed and those who don’t qualify for state unemployment insurance. States had to create a new application portal and then wait for federal funding to arrive.

Heroes Act

Even as the ink was drying on the Cares Act, lawmakers began working on various proposals for a follow-up stimulus. The only plan to pass a full chamber is the Democrats’ Heroes Act.

The act passed in the House in May 2020 but is a non-starter in the Republican-led Senate.

One reason why the Heroes Act most likely won’t be the next stimulus bill is because of its $3 trillion price tag – which is itself even higher than the $2.2 trillion CARES Act. Senator McConnell wants the next stimulus bill to be around $1 trillion—which means less aid all around.

The next stimulus bill will likely be smaller in size than the Heroes Act and Cares Act. But Congress may use the best parts from both proposals to reach a bipartisan agreement.

Democrats may push for these key Heroes Act proposals in this summer’s bill:

  • Extend weekly federal unemployment benefits until early 2021
  • $1,200 stimulus payment for adults and children (up to three children)
  • Pandemic Premium Pay for essential workers
  • A temporary moratorium on evictions for up to 12 months

The Heroes Act also addresses some of the Cares Act benefit errors. Specifically, helping more people qualify for a stimulus check. For instance, spouses and children who only have a taxpayer identification number (TIN) can receive payment too.

There are several overlapping benefits between the Republican and Democrat proposals. But each party has different positions on the total cost and benefit scope.

The bipartisan compromise may offer a second stimulus check and extend federal unemployment insurance to win Democratic support. Still, fewer people will qualify to keep total cost low and honor Republican wishes for fiscal prudence.

What Are The Three Big Changes We May See?

Here are the latest insights we have about what Congress may propose next week. Below are some of the benefits that lawmakers proposed in the Cares Act and Heroes Act that we may see again in this bill.

1. Lower Federal Unemployment Benefits

Extending the weekly $600 federal unemployment benefits beyond the current July 31st sunset date is probably the largest surprise—so far.

Until a few weeks ago, the White House and congressional Republicans adamantly opposed lengthening the $600 weekly benefit. Then the number of new coronavirus cases began increasing and some businesses had to start shutting down again in various states.

While a benefits extension seems inevitable, the revised federal unemployment insurance will not be as generous for most recipients. Treasury Secretary Mnuchin hinted in early July the new benefits may cap at the worker’s regular weekly income.  

Lawmakers must decide if they will adopt the Heroes Act proposal of extending the benefits until January 31, 2021. The new Congress elected in November would discuss the next stimulus bill.

The stricter benefit caps stem from a research paper by the National Bureau of Economic Research. Their study finds that approximately two-thirds of laid-off workers earn more collecting unemployment than their standard wage. This same paper also suggests that 20% of recipients may earn double their usual weekly paycheck.

While the $600 weekly benefit won’t make you wealthy, Republicans routinely suggest the enhance benefits create a disincentive to work in states with a low cost of living.

For example, the maximum weekly unemployment benefit in Tennessee is $275 plus the $600 the Cares Act benefit. Earning both benefits is equivalent to an annual pre-tax salary of $45,500—a comfortable income in many parts of Tennessee.

Another reason Republicans may rally behind extending unemployment benefits is if businesses get coronavirus liability protection. Senator McConnell wants the liability shield to apply from December 2019 through 2024 to minimize potential lawsuits and business closures.

2. Smaller and More Targeted Stimulus Checks

A second stimulus check is another idea that Republicans have waffled over since the Cares Act passage. It now feels almost certain that the IRS will distribute a second check, but for how many and for how much?

Like the federal unemployment benefits, it’s likely that fewer people will get a second stimulus payment.

McConnell has said that he wants to target them to those most hurt by the pandemic – and he’s mentioned $40,000 in income as a possible income limit. This leads us to believe that earning an annual income of $40,000 or less will most likely qualify. The most-affected households earn an income below this threshold. This new income limit is lower than the $75,000 limit the Cares Act and Heroes Act share.

We don’t know how large the second stimulus check will be yet for adults or students. The payment will likely be at least $1,200 for adults and potentially higher. President Trump is on record on July 1st interview saying: “I support actually larger numbers than the Democrats, but it’s got to be done properly… I want the money getting to people to be larger so they can spend it.”

The payment amount can be higher than the first check if you qualify.

This check should arrive sooner than the Cares Act payment as the IRS should have your direct deposit details on file. Similar to the first check, this second payment will be an “advance” refundable tax credit on your 2020 federal tax return.

3. Payroll Tax Cut

A payroll tax waiver on Social Security and Medicare tax withholdings is the one stimulus measure with President Trump’s constant support.

The current tax rate is 6.2% for Social Security (on the first $137,700 in annual income) and 1.45% for Medicare. This waiver would temporarily reduce the tax amount and increase your take-home pay.

This benefit helps those who don’t receive the second stimulus payment or unemployment insurance. However, this waiver doesn’t help the unemployed and retirees.

Legislators will need to decide on how much to reduce the payroll tax. President Obama enacted a similar tax holiday during the Great Recession to lower the rate from 6.2% to 4.2% in 2011 and 2012.

Another potential contention point is a waiver increases the existing funding shortfalls for Social Security and Medicare. Reducing the rate for those who keep working can result in a future tax hike to offset the lost revenue from 2020.

When Will the Next Stimulus Check Bill Pass?

The Senate and House of Representatives have a narrow working window to reach a bipartisan agreement. Both chambers have a scheduled multi-week August recess. Not passing a bill in July or August means Congress might pause stimulus talks until after Labor Day weekend in September.

House Speaker Nancy Pelosi states she is willing to delay or cancel the House recess to pass the next stimulus check bill.

Passing the bill this summer minimizes any potential coverage gap for federal unemployment benefits. Quick passage also means people can receive the second stimulus check as early as September.

Additional Resources

Second Stimulus Checks Should Be Recurring And Direct, Urge 156 Top Economists

The Next $600 Federal Unemployment Benefit Will Likely Be Smaller

Second Stimulus Check Update: Here’s Everything We Know Right Now

Where Is My Tax Refund? Why It May Be Late And When To Expect It

IRS To Pay Interest On Your ‘Late’ Tax Refund

Chances Of A Second Stimulus Check Just Got A Whole Lot Better

NY police injured in clash with protesters on Brooklyn Bridge

Several New York City police officers were attacked and injured Wednesday as pro-police and anti-police protesters clashed on the Brooklyn Bridge.

At least four officers were hurt, including Chief of Department Terence Monahan, and 37 people were arrested, police said. Information on charges was not immediately available.

Surveillance video posted on social media by the police department showed a man on the bridge’s pedestrian walkway rushing towards a group of officers and reaching over a fence to bash their heads with a cane.

Police photos of the aftermath showed a lieutenant with a bloodied face, a detective holding a bandage to his head, and a bicycle officer helping a fellow officer dress a head wound.

Monahan, who last month knelt in a show of solidarity with protesters, sustained injuries to his hand.

Black Lives Matter protesters are arrested by NYPD officers on the Brooklyn Bridge, Wednesday, July 15, 2020, in New York. Several New York City police officers were attacked and injured Wednesday on

Police officers were marching with a pro-police group under a banner that said ‘We Support the NYPD’ when a fight broke out with anti-police demonstrators [Yuki Iwamura/AP Photo]

He and the other injured officers were marching with a pro-police group led by local clergy when they were met on the bridge by anti-police activists, some of whom have been camping outside City Hall in recent weeks to demand severe cuts to police funding.

Some people in the pro-police group marched with a banner that said, “We Support the NYPD.” The leader of that group said they were calling for an end to a recent spate of violence, including the shooting death of a 1-year-old boy in Brooklyn.

Wednesday’s demonstrations were the latest in a wave of protest activity across the country since George Floyd was killed May 25 by Minneapolis police.

The first few nights of protests in New York City were marred by stealing, unrest and violence inflicted both by and on police officers. Since then, protests have largely been peaceful.

Will you get a second stimulus check? For now, its unclear. Heres where things stand on another COVID-19 bill.

WASHINGTON – If you were hoping for another stimulus check from the federal government, you might be in luck. 

Well, some of you might be in luck.

Congressional leaders are hoping to have another coronavirus aid package ready by the end of the month, another tranche of funds to pile on to the stunning $3 trillion already passed to counter the pandemic and its sweeping impacts on the country. 

But while both sides of the aisle agree more funds will be necessary to help families, workers, businesses and the country’s economy recover, Republicans, Democrats and the administration still have significantly different ideas of what should be included in the next package, including the possibility of another stimulus check for some Americans.

Congress and the administration will have to work through their issues as coronavirus continues to spike in states across the U.S. and as crucial enhanced unemployment insurance benefits, which have helped millions of Americans stay afloat, are set to dry up in about two weeks. 

Here’s the latest on what the next coronavirus package could look like and the issues both parties have made a priority. 

STIMULUS:The next coronavirus stimulus deal will have a big change

PAYMENTS:As talk builds for second stimulus, questions remain about first payout

Another stimulus check?

Democrats and Republicans may have different ideas about what should be included in the next coronavirus aid package, but on this much they seem to agree: Many Americans need another stimulus check to help them bounce back from the economic hardships caused by the pandemic.

The sticking point: Who should get those checks and how big they should be.

President Donald Trump already has signaled his support for additional cash payments as part of the next recovery package. The House already has passed a Democratic bill calling for a second round of direct payments of up to $1,200 for individuals and $2,400 for joint filers. Senate Republicans also appear to be on board with an additional round of stimulus payments, although they want to limit who could qualify.

Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, R-Ky., has suggested distributing the money to people who earn $40,000 or less per year, arguing they would benefit the most from another round of stimulus payments. Forty percent of Americans earning less than $40,000 a year lost their jobs in March, which means the economic burden of the coronavirus has fallen most on those who are least able to bear it, Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell told lawmakers in May.

But House Democrats are unlikely to go along with a cap that low. Their bill, the Health and Economic Recovery Omnibus Emergency Solutions Act, or HEROES Act, calls for the next round of $1,200 stimulus payments to go to Americans earning less than $75,000 a year.

House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, D-Calif., did not dismiss McConnell’s plan outright but questioned the cap being at $40,000.

“I think there are many families depending on size of family and so many different things, that the $40,000 would have to be explained, justified and the rest,” she said last week at a news conference. “But I think families making over $40,000 probably need assistance. Again, just depending on their family situation.”

The first round of stimulus payments, sent out earlier this year, went to individuals with an adjusted gross income of $75,000 ($150,000 for joint filers). More than 159 million checks totaling $267 billion were distributed, according to the Internal Revenue Service.

The number of checks to be distributed in the next round will be far lower if the $40,000 income threshold is applied.

More:IRS sent stimulus checks to more than 1 million dead people, government watchdog agency says

Sparring on future of unemployment

For months, millions of Americans who lost their jobs due to the pandemic have been able to collect an additional $600 weekly in unemployment insurance. But at the end of the month, that boost will expire.

Republicans have long argued that the $600 boost was too high and a disincentive for Americans to go back to work as states work to cautiously reopen. Democrats have said the program should be renewed and pointed to the still high unemployment rate – currently 11.1% – and the spike in cases seen across the nation.  

“We must renew unemployment insurance,” Pelosi said last week at her weekly news conference, noting the continued high numbers of Americans on unemployment. “We have to put the money in the pockets of people.”

Republicans have floated a variety of options that include reforming the enhanced benefits or even replacing them with a back-to-work bonus, but are not keen to continue the $600 program.

“We’d like to see some unemployment reforms,” Larry Kudlow, director of the National Economic Council, told Fox News on Monday. “We’d like a return-to-work-type bonus of a modest nature. We don’t want to give people disincentives.”

Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin, who has led coronavirus relief negotiations for the administration on the hill, echoed an openness to reforms and told CNBC that the program will not be done “in the same way.”

Timing and red lines for GOP, Dems 

Dozens of other provisions also could make their way into the stimulus package. Republicans, Democrats and the administration have made differing proposals a priority that could pose additional hurdles as sides work to negotiate. 

House Democrats already passed a $3 trillion measure in May that outlines their priorities in the next phase of emergency funding. McConnell has said the bill is a non-starter and that Senate Republicans are drafting their own proposal to act as a starting point for negotiations, a measure that is likely to cost much less. 

Both the House and the Senate are on recess this week, but McConnell said he would start discussing the draft with his members and Democrats when they return next week.

“I think you can anticipate this coming to a head sometime within the next three weeks,” he said Monday in Kentucky.

House Democrats have similarly stressed an urgency to get a bill to the president’s desk. Pelosi said on CNN Tuesday that she would delay the House’s August recess o ensure enough time to work through negotiations.  

“We absolutely have to. We also have to come to an agreement,” she said. “The timetable is the timetable of the American people needing their Unemployment Insurance, their direct payments, their assistance for rent and mortgage foreclosure forbearance.” 

Other issues on the negotiating table include: 

  • Payroll tax cut: Trump has repeatedly floated the idea of a payroll tax cut, saying it would help put people back to work. The size of the cut and other details haven’t been released and lawmakers on Capitol Hill, including many Republicans, have resisted the idea. 
  • State, local and tribal funding: Democrats have made additional funds for state, local and tribal governments as their No. 1 priority in the next package. Under the HEROES Act, nearly $1 trillion would go to state, local and tribal governments that need funds to pay first responders, health workers and teachers who are in danger of losing their jobs because of the coronavirus pandemic. But Trump has said he has no interest in bailing out states that he thinks have been poorly managed. And McConnell has called the bill a non-starter. 
  • Liability protections for businesses: Republicans are demanding that any new bill include protections for business from what conservatives have called frivolous and opportunistic lawsuits as states and companies begin to reopen, a proposition that Democrats say they oppose. 
  • Education and funds for schooling: Republicans have made getting children back to school a focus and have signaled they want to make additional funds for schools a central piece of the next package in hopes of making schools safer as COVID-19 continues to spike. Democrats, while on board with more funding, have been cautious in their mandates for children to go back to school due to the pandemic. 
  • Funds for hospitals, testing and hazard pay for workers: Democrats and Republicans have highlighted the needs for more testing, and liberals are pushing for billions more to rapidly expand testing as the country attempts to reopen. Bipartisan proposals have also been floated for increased funding for rural hospitals and hazard pay for front-line workers, something the president has embraced. The House Democrats’ plan establishes a $200 billion fund to provide hazard pay for essential workers.
  • More funds for small businesses: Congressional lawmakers in both parties have expressed an openness to possibly extending the Small Business Association’s Paycheck Protection Program, which expires Aug. 8. The program came under scrutiny earlier this month after the Treasury Department revealed businesses owned by lawmakers were among those who took loans. 
  • Infrastructure spending: Republicans and Democrats have repeatedly cited the need to repair the nation’s aging infrastructure and members of both parties have suggested a massive infrastructure could help in a recovery effort, while also creating new jobs for Americans. 

New Report Says Schools Should Try To Reopen In Person For Elementary Students

The National Academy of Sciences report includes an updated review of the evidence from around the world and a set of recommendations on mitigation strategies for the coronavirus in school settings.

Malte Mueller/Getty Images/fStop

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The National Academy of Sciences report includes an updated review of the evidence from around the world and a set of recommendations on mitigation strategies for the coronavirus in school settings.

Malte Mueller/Getty Images/fStop

This fall, public school districts should prioritize full-time, in-person classes for grades K-5 and for students with special needs. That’s the top-line recommendation of a new report by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine.

The report includes an updated review of the evidence from around the world and a set of recommendations on mitigation strategies for the coronavirus in school settings. It adds to a hefty reading list of back-to-school guidance that now includes comprehensive recommendations from the CDC, the American Academy of Pediatrics, the American Federation of Teachers and every U.S. state except Kansas. There’s a growing consensus on a few best practices across most of these reports, such as the importance of masking and social distancing.

What stands out from this particular report is its emphasis on collaboration with public health authorities and focus on not just recommendations for action now, but decision-making strategies for schools under conditions that will continue to change.

Dr. Dimitri Christakis, a pediatrician and member of the committee that created the report, told NPR that it comes at a time of crisis and repeated failures.

“We failed children ethically and in three important ways. First and foremost, that we have done such a terrible job containing this pandemic. Secondly, that we closed schools … abruptly without any good plan about how to transition to distance learning and without adequate infrastructure for so many kids. And third, that the moment we closed schools, we didn’t immediately start planning about how to reopen them.”

Now, he says, with school months or weeks away, schools are “struggling to put together some kind of a coherent plan for how to bring kids back, if at all.” In fact, with cases rising in most states, a growing number of districts from Los Angeles to Richmond, Va., are choosing to start the year virtually.

The new report makes nine recommendations. First, schools should consider that staying closed poses a serious risk to children, especially the most vulnerable children. When possible, districts should “prioritize” full-time, in-person classes for the youngest children in elementary school, and for special needs children. Christakis says that this is because these two groups generally struggle the most with online learning and need the most supervision.

When it comes to mitigating the risks of the coronavirus once schools are open, the report says, adult staff should wear surgical masks, and everyone should have access to hand-washing sinks, soap and water or hand sanitizer. People should practice physical distancing and limiting large gatherings. Cleaning and ventilation are important but not sufficient, the report says. Furthermore, Christakis notes, “deep cleaning, as is currently recommended, is expensive and may or may not really make a big difference.” The report also includes a recommendation that states and the federal government provide funds to schools to safely reopen.

The report also goes into detail about processes for decision-making going forward and says districts should form coalitions to make decisions on opening, school operations and staying open. They should prioritize equity, understanding that communities of color are more affected by this virus, and that poor students and students of color are more likely to attend school in outdated and dilapidated buildings with overcrowded classrooms.

Coalitions, the report says, should work closely with local public health authorities in order to do contact tracing if someone at the school contracts the virus. This partnership should allow schools to keep tabs on the rate of infections in the broader community, which will determine whether they can stay open.

The true role of children and teenagers in spreading the coronavirus is not known. Christakis points out that “the explosions that we’re seeing now all across this country are happening while schools are closed. We can’t blame schools for what’s happening in Florida or Arizona or Texas.” Christakis says the next few months offer a crucial opportunity to finally do the research needed to help the public understand the risks that many districts are in the middle of taking right now.

Trump rolls back landmark environmental law to speed up approval of federal projects

Trump announced the implementation of the newly revised regulations in Georgia at the UPS Hapeville Airport Hub, which is set to benefit from the expedited review of a highway expansion project that will allow the hub’s operations to be more efficient.

Trump claimed that “mountains and mountains of red tape” slowed the approval and development of infrastructure projects, but added that “all of that ends today.”

“Today’s action completely modernizes the environmental review process under the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969. We are cutting the federal permitting timeline … for a major project from up to 20 years or more … down to two years or less,” Trump said, later adding that at “the same time, we’ll maintain America’s gold standard environmental protections.”

announced his administration’s plans to rewrite the NEPA regulations in January, saying at the time that the existing regulations “(led to) endless delays, waste money, keep projects from breaking ground and deny jobs to our nation’s incredible workers.”

The administration claims the change will speed up the process for getting environmental reviews approved that are required for major infrastructure projects.

“You spend three, four, five years on the environmental review before you ever break ground. That’s a problem,” Environmental Protection Agency administrator Andrew Wheeler said in an interview with Gray TV.

Environmental advocacy groups view the policy change as another example of the Trump administration dismantling important conservation safety guards that protect the environment and public health from pollution.

Watchdog blasts Commerce Department for siding with Trump over erroneous Hurricane Dorian forecastWatchdog blasts Commerce Department for siding with Trump over erroneous Hurricane Dorian forecast

The change “drastically curtails environmental reviews for thousands of federal agency projects nationwide, a move that will weaken safeguards for air, water, wildlife and public lands,” the Center for Biological Diversity, an advocacy group, said in a statement responding to the decision.

NEPA, signed into law in 1970 by President Richard Nixon, is considered one of the foundational environmental laws formed at the beginning of the modern environmental movement. Rolling back this policy “may be the single biggest giveaway to polluters in the past 40 years,” according to Brett Hartl, Center for Biological Diversity government affairs director.

“The Trump administration is turning back the clock to when rivers caught fire, our air was unbreathable, and our most beloved wildlife was spiraling toward extinction. The foundational law of the modern environmental movement has been turned into a rubber stamp to enrich for-profit corporations, and we doubt the courts will stand for that,” Hartl said in a statement.

Environmental advocacy groups such as the National Resource Defense Council Inc. and the Sierra Club believe that the change will harm minority communities more than others.

“NEPA gives a voice to communities whose health and safety would be threatened by destructive projects, and it is despicable that the Trump administration is seeking to silence them,” Sierra Club executive director Michael Brune said in a statement. “As the country faces a global pandemic and grapples with persistent racial injustice, the last thing communities need is an attack on this bedrock environmental and civil rights law.”

But Mike Sommers, the President and CEO of the American Petroleum Institute, which represents America’s oil and natural gas industry, said in a statement that the regulatory changes are “essential to US energy leadership and environmental progress, providing more certainty to jumpstart not only the modernized pipeline infrastructure we need to deliver cleaner fuels but highways, bridges and renewable energy.”

He claimed that the changes “will help accelerate the nation’s economic recovery and advance energy infrastructure while continuing necessary environmental reviews.”

CNN’s Betsy Klein contributed to this report.

Fact check: Peter Navarros claims about Dr. Anthony Fauci are misleading, lack context

WASHINGTON – Peter Navarro, a senior trade adviser to President Donald Trump, has taken aim at Anthony Fauci, the nation’s top infectious disease expert and a member of the president’s coronavirus task force.

Navarro wrote an opinion piece in USA TODAY that was initially published Tuesday night – and then the next morning in print – as an “opposing view” to a newspaper editorial that hailed Fauci a “national treasure” and that said efforts by President Donald Trump or his team to muzzle Fauci would be hazardous.

Bill Sternberg, USA TODAY’s editorial page editor, said editors approached Navarro about writing the opposing view. The newspaper has a tradition of offering opposing views to its editorials. Some of the comments Navarro made echoed ones he had made earlier about Fauci.

The White House, which had not repudiated Navarro’s earlier comments, sought to distance itself from Navarro’s opinion piece, with director of strategic communications Alyssa Farah writing on Twitter that it was “the opinion of Peter alone.” Trump has insisted he has a “very good relationship” with Fauci but has also criticized him. However, on Wednesday Trump said of the Navarro piece, “he shouldn’t be doing that.” 

More: All of USA TODAY’s fact checks

The following is a fact check by USA TODAY on what was written by Navarro, who directs the White House Office of Trade and Manufacturing Policy.

NAVARRO CLAIM: Dr. Anthony Fauci has a good bedside manner with the public, but he has been wrong about everything I have interacted with him on.

In late January, when I was making the case on behalf of the president to take down the flights from China, Fauci fought against the president’s courageous decision – which might well have saved hundreds of thousands of American lives.

Peter Navarro, an assistant to the president, is the director of the Office of Trade and Manufacturing Policy.

FACTS: Trump and his supporters have touted the restrictions on travel from China as a travel ban but the move stopped short of that. As Health and Human Services Secretary Alex Azar told reporters Jan. 31, the country was denying entry to foreign nationals, “other than immediate family of U.S. citizens and permanent residents, who have traveled in China within the last 14 days.”

In addition, experts said there isn’t enough data to conclude the restrictions made a significant difference. A study in the Journal Science found the various travel limitations across the globe helped slow the spread of the pandemic but more was needed to contain it.

In fact, on Jan. 24, a week before the implementation of travel restrictions, the first two COVID-19 cases were confirmed in the U.S. from travelers who had returned from Wuhan, China, where the outbreak is suspected of originating. Although Fauci and other public health officials were initially skeptical of travel bans because of concerns that they might limit the movement of health professionals, he later backed the decision.

COVID-19:How the South and Southwest became the global epicenter of the pandemic

Dr. Anthony Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, and President Donald Trump in April 2020.

NAVARRO CLAIM: When I warned in late January in a memo of a possibly deadly pandemic, the director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases was telling the news media not to worry.

When I was working feverishly on behalf of the president in February to help engineer the fastest industrial mobilization of the health care sector in our history, Fauci was still telling the public the China virus was low risk.

FACTS: There’s no evidence of a large-scale effort by the Trump administration to mobilize supplies for the pandemic as early as February, although experts contend that a forceful response then would likely have limited the spread and saved lives.

Trump said little in public about the virus during that time period and downplayed the threat. On Feb. 10, he predicted that the coronavirus would be gone by April when the weather gets warmer and said the virus will “miraculously” go away.Congress passed the first meaningful spending bill to address the crisis March 4 – an $8.3 billion package to ramp up testing that was more than triple the amount the White House initially requested.

And it wasn’t until March 13 that Trump declared a national emergency.

In a meeting with the USA TODAY editorial board on Feb. 17, Fauci did say the risk for Americans appeared “relatively low” but he warned that could change and officials needed to be prepared.

“As of today, on the 17th of February, the risk is really relatively low,” he said. “But we, the public health officials, have to take this seriously enough to be prepared for it changing and there being a pandemic.” 

More:Attacks on Fauci reflect Trump’s problem of what to do about high-profile adviser with a penchant for straight talk

White House trade adviser Peter Navarro, who will now serve as national defense production act policy coordinator, speaks about the coronavirus in the James Brady Press Briefing Room, Friday, March 27, 2020, in Washington, as President Donald Trump listens. (AP Photo/Alex Brandon)

NAVARRO CLAIM: When we were building new mask capacity in record time, Fauci was flip-flopping on the use of masks.

FACTS: From the outset, Fauci said people who were contagious should wear masks but, like others and consistent with the  Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the World Health Organization, did not say everyone should wear masks, even if they didn’t have symptoms. On Feb. 17, weeks before the coronavirus was declared a pandemic, Fauci told USA TODAY that “in the United States, there is absolutely no reason whatsoever to wear a mask.”

At the time, testing was almost non-existent and the nature of the virus was still being determined. Fauci has since said that part of the reason for his position was to tamp down a public rush that would have further exacerbated a shortage of masks. On Feb. 29, Surgeon General Jerome Adams tweeted that people should “STOP BUYING MASKS” because they had not been shown to be effective in preventing the general public from getting the virus and a rush to buy them was leaving healthcare providers without them.

More recently, Fauci and other public health experts have been urging mask-wearing as a means to help prevent the spread of the virus – while continuing to urge frequent hand washing and social distancing..

More:Wearing a mask doesn’t just protect others from COVID-19, it protects you from infection, perhaps serious illness, too

Dr. Anthony Fauci (R), director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, looks on as U.S. President Donald Trump delivers remarks about coronavirus vaccine development in the Rose Garden of the White House on May 15, 2020 in Washington, DC.

NAVARRO CLAIM: And when Fauci was telling the White House Coronavirus Task Force that there was only anecdotal evidence in support of hydroxychloroquine to fight the virus, I confronted him with scientific studies providing evidence of safety and efficacy. A recent Detroit hospital study showed a 50% reduction in the mortality rate when the medicine is used in early treatment.

FACTS: Most medical studies have shown hydroxychloroquine, an anti-malarial drug, not only to be generally ineffective against COVID-19 but to also pose harmful side effects.  The Food and Drug Administration warns on its web site that those threats include serious heart rhythm problems and other safety issues, including blood and lymph system disorders, kidney injuries, and liver problems and failure.

The Henry Ford study Navarro refers to has been criticized by a number of medical experts because patients who benefited also were given a steroid known to help those suffering from the infection and because the study was observational..

Coronavirus reopening: Map of when US states are ending lockdown

NAVARRO CLAIM: Now Fauci says a falling mortality rate doesn’t matter when it is the single most important statistic to help guide the pace of our economic reopening. The lower the mortality rate, the faster and more we can open.

FACTS: In a July 8 press conference with Sen. Doug Jones, D-Ala., Fauci described the declining death rate as a “false narrative  (because) there’s so many other things that are very dangerous and bad about this virus. Don’t get yourself into false complacency.”

The death rate began declining in mid-April but has been ticking up again recently, a result of a surge in cases across Sun Belt states such as Florida, Texas and Arizona – an increase Fauci and other medical experts cited as a risk.

In addition, while treatments have helped lower the death rate, doctors are finding that the virus carries long-term complications for a significant percentage of patients, especially those with underlying conditions.

More:‘Pushing the frontiers’: Long lines for COVID tests, stressed labs delay results as demand spikes

Contributing: Ken Alltucker

Tech CEO found decapitated and dismembered in his NYC apartment

Fahim Saleh co-founded two international ride-share startups.

A 33-year-old tech entrepreneur was discovered decapitated and dismembered in his Manhattan apartment on Tuesday, police sources confirmed to ABC News.

Police identified the victim as Fahim Saleh on Wednesday and said the death was deemed a homicide. No arrests have been made and the investigation remains ongoing.

Saleh co-founded Pathao, a ride-share app that’s popular in Bangladesh. More recently, he was the CEO of Gokada, a motorcycle ride-sharing and delivery company based Nigeria, which has faced financial setbacks and recently laid off most of its staff.

According to surveillance video from Monday, Saleh was seen around 1:40 p.m. being followed into his apartment elevator by a man wearing a suit, gloves, hat and mask and carrying a briefcase. When the elevator arrives at the seventh floor, which opened right into Saleh’s apartment, he falls immediately, the apparent result of an attack.

Saleh’s body was found Tuesday afternoon by his sister who was concerned after she had not heard from him for a day. She can be seen in surveillance footage entering the building, but the suspected killer is not seen leaving, leading law enforcement to believe she may have interrupted the act of dismembering, police sources said. There is a second way out of the apartment, through a service entrance, according to the sources.

He was pronounced deceased by first responders on the scene Tuesday afternoon.

Saleh’s torso was detached from his head and limbs, which were found nearby in several large bags, sources said. An electric saw was also recovered, still plugged into an electrical outlet, according to law enforcement sources. His dog was found alive in the apartment.

Detectives are investigating Saleh’s finances for a possible motive, especially his dealings with Gokada.

“The headlines talk about a crime we still cannot fathom,” Saleh’s family said in a statement. “Fahim is more than what you are reading. He is so much more. His brilliant and innovative mind took everyone who was a part of his world on a journey and he made sure never to leave anyone behind. Fahim found success at an early age and built on it year after year, while remaining grounded and committed to helping others.

“No matter what he did, he did it while thinking of the greater good and his family,” the statement continued. “His parents and his sisters were his light and he was theirs. There are no words or actions to provide any of us comfort except the capture of the person who exhibited nothing short of evil upon our loved one.”

Gokada confirmed the “sudden and tragic loss” of its founder and CEO via Twitter, calling him “a great leader, inspiration and positive light for all of us.”

“Our hearts go out to his friends, family and all those feeling the pain and heartbreak we are currently experiencing, here at Gokada,” the company said. “Fahim’s vision and belief in us will be with us forever, and we will miss him dearly. Thank you for understanding as we get through this.”

In a second statement on its official Instagram Wednesday afternoon, Gokada said it was “shocked and saddened” by the “tragic circumstances” surrounding Saleh’s death.

“Fahim’s passion for Nigeria and its youth was immeasurable. He believed young Nigerians are extremely bright and talented individuals who would flourish if just given the right opportunity. Fahim also believed that technology can transform lives and improve safety and efficiency. He built Gokada to act upon these beliefs,” the statement said.

The company noted Gokada’s growth under Saleh’s leadership, adding, “As painful as these last days have been for us, we at Gokada owe it to ourselves and to Fahim’s memory to act and fulfill his vision for the company and for Nigerian youth.”

It continued: “RIP, Fahim. You will be missed by everyone at Gokada and by the entire Nigerian startup community.”

N.Y.P.D. Says It Used Restraint During Protests. Here’s What the Videos Show.

It was two hours after curfew on the sixth night of protests against police brutality in New York City.

An officer in Brooklyn pushed a protester so hard that she fell backward on the pavement. Then he shoved someone on a bicycle and picked up and body-slammed a third person into the street.

An officer shoves a protester to the ground and shoves a cyclist. The same officer then body-slams a third person to the pavement.June 2, Fourth and Atlantic Avenues, Brooklyn. Source: Daniel Altschuler

Nearby, a man fell running from the police. Officers swarmed him and beat him with batons. A commanding officer, in his white-shirted uniform, joined the fray and stepped on the man’s neck.

Several officers chase down and beat a person with their batons. A white-shirted officer runs up and steps on the person’s neck.June 2, Fourth and Atlantic Avenues, Brooklyn. Source: Allison McCann/The New York Times

All of it was caught on video. In fact, the New York Times found more than 60 videos that show the police using force on protesters during the first 10 days of demonstrations in the city after the death of George Floyd.

A review of the videos, shot by protesters and journalists, suggests that many of the police attacks, often led by high-ranking officers, were not warranted.

Some videos have been edited for length and clarity. See the full set of videos below.

A video of five or 10 or 30 seconds does not tell the whole story, of course. It does not depict what happened before the camera started rolling. It is unclear from the videos, for instance, what the officers’ intentions were or why protesters were being arrested or told to move.

But the Police Department’s patrol guide says officers may use “only the reasonable force necessary to gain control or custody of a subject.” Force, policing experts say, must be proportionate to the threat or resistance at hand at the moment it is applied.

In instance after instance, the police are seen using force on people who do not appear to be resisting arrest or posing an immediate threat to anyone.

Officers attacked people who had their hands up.

A white-shirted officer shoves someone, who falls backward.May 29, Fifth Avenue and Bergen Street, Brooklyn. Source: @crankberries

They hit people who were walking away from them.

A white-shirted officer uses a baton to strike a person on a bike.June 4, Washington Avenue and Fulton Street, Brooklyn. Source: John Knefel

They grabbed people from behind.

An officer walks into a crowd to grab someone from behind and pull them to the ground. A second officer throws a second person to the ground.June 2, Fifth Avenue and East 83rd Street, Manhattan. Source: Requested anonymity

And they repeatedly pummeled people who were already on the ground.

A person is tackled to the ground by a group of officers and punched in the head multiple times.June 6, Nassau and Gold Streets, Brooklyn. Source: Mike Hassell

Police Commissioner Dermot F. Shea has maintained that misconduct during the protests was confined to “isolated cases” and that officers were confronted with violence by protesters.

He noted that during the first week of demonstrations, people looted businesses, burned police cars and attacked officers with bricks, bottles and in one case a fire extinguisher. The unrest prompted Mayor Bill de Blasio to impose an 8 p.m. curfew.

“I think the officers used an incredible amount of restraint in terms of allowing people to vent,” Commissioner Shea said on June 22. “I am proud of their performance in policing these protests, ending the riots and upholding the rule of law.”

Yet for just about each viral moment that emerged from the protests — officers violently shoving a woman to the ground or beating a cyclist who seemed to be doing nothing more than trying to cross the street — The Times turned up multiple examples of similar behavior.

The police responded to words with punches and pepper spray.

An officer hits a person in the face and knocks them down. The person gets up and moments later is pepper-sprayed and shoved again. Two more officers pepper-spray a crowd of people.May 30, Flatbush Avenue Extension and DeKalb Avenue, Brooklyn. Source: Jean-Cosme Delaloye/JCDe Productions

Officers charged into peaceful crowds and pushed people to the ground.

An officer pushes through a crowd and grabs a person by the neck to push them aside. Another officer knocks the person over, and the first officer throws the person down again when they try to get up.May 30, Bedford and Tilden Avenues, Brooklyn. Source: Doug Gordon

Sometimes, they appeared to lash out at random.

An officer runs up and shoves someone several times, and then shoves a second and third person standing nearby.May 29, Greene and Classon Avenues, Brooklyn. Source: Zach Williams

Devora Kaye, the Police Department’s assistant commissioner for public information, declined repeated requests to review the full set of videos provided by The Times and to explain the use of force in them.

She reiterated that “isolated incidents” of misconduct were being addressed, noted that four officers had already been disciplined, and said that the department’s Internal Affairs Bureau was investigating 51 cases of use of force during the protests.

“The N.Y.P.D. has zero tolerance for inappropriate or excessive use of force,” she wrote, “but it is also critical to review the totality of the circumstances that lead to interactions where force is used.”

The police said that nearly 400 officers were injured during the protests, and that 132 of the more than 2,500 people arrested reported injuries, but that they did not have records of injured people who were not arrested. Protesters have described and documented at least five broken or fractured bones and four concussions.

When presented with the videos collected by The Times, Kapil Longani, counsel to Mr. de Blasio, said, “These incidents are disturbing and New Yorkers deserve a full accounting of these matters and access to a transparent disciplinary process.”

But he cautioned that the police disciplinary system needed time to carry out thorough investigations.

“To conclude that these officers or any American committed a crime without due process is inconsistent with the fundamental fairness that underlies our judicial system,” Mr. Longani said.

The Police Benevolent Association, the union that represents most N.Y.P.D. officers, declined to comment on the videos.

The episodes in the videos The Times reviewed were spread across 15 neighborhoods in three boroughs. Several videos each were taken June 3 in Cadman Plaza in Brooklyn and on June 4 in Mott Haven in the Bronx, when officers “kettled” protesters into tight spaces and then beat them with batons.

Philip M. Stinson, a Bowling Green State University criminologist and former police officer who studies the use of force by the police, offered a blunt assessment of the behavior shown in these videos.

“A lot of this was ‘street justice,’” he said, “gratuitous acts of extrajudicial violence doled out by police officers on the street to teach somebody a lesson.”

Sometimes, the police went after people already in custody.

A person is being led away when an officer throws them to the ground.May 30, Bedford and Tilden Avenues, Brooklyn. Source: Lauren Mitchell

Sometimes officers went after people they did not appear interested in arresting at all.

An officer grabs someone from behind and throws the person into a parked car, where they appear to hit their head. Another officer steps over the person’s immobile body.May 29, 67 Fifth Avenue, Brooklyn. Source: Michael Thoreau

Mr. Stinson said that in some of the videos, the police used force permissibly. He saw nothing inappropriate, for example, in this widely viewed video of officers using batons on people who appeared to be trying to evade arrest.

Officers repeatedly hit two people with batons. Another officer pushes someone to the ground.May 29, Barclays Center, Brooklyn. Source: Jon Campbell

In many other videos, though, he said he believed that force had been applied without discipline or supervision.

“Some of the stuff that they do is so sloppy,” he said. “Some of it is just downright criminal.”

Scott Hechinger, a public defender for nearly a decade in Brooklyn, said he found it striking that being filmed by crowds of protesters did not seem to inhibit some officers’ conduct.

“That the police were able and willing to perform such brazen violence when surrounded by cellphone cameras and when the whole world was watching at this moment more than any other, underscores how police feel and know they will never be held to account in any meaningful way even for the most egregious acts of violence,” Mr. Hechinger said.

Many of the videos show violence led by officers in white shirts, signaling a rank of lieutenant or higher.

In Manhattan on June 2, one commander shoved a protester and another pulled her down by the hair.

A white-shirted officer pushes one person down, and then shoves another. A second officer grabs a protester by the hair to bring her to the ground.June 2, 17 Battery Place, Manhattan. Source: Brandon Remmert

A civil rights lawyer with the legal aid group the Bronx Defenders, Jenn Rolnick Borchetta, said she saw violations of constitutional rights in nearly all the videos, including the rights to free speech and due process.

“The primary question is whether the force is reasonable, but you have to remember, if they’re not arresting someone, they shouldn’t be using any force,” Ms. Borchetta said.

At several protests, the police used bicycles as weapons.

Two officers lift their bicycles and push them repeatedly into a group of people, knocking one person over.May 28, Union Square, Manhattan. Source: Requested anonymity

More often, they used their hands.

An officer shoves two people, and one falls to the ground.May 29, DeKalb and Classon Avenues, Brooklyn. Source: Requested anonymity

The protests, and the outcry over the policing of them, have already led to changes. State legislators overturned a law that kept police discipline records secret and New York City cut its police budget and broadened a ban on chokeholds. Last week, New York’s attorney general, Letitia James, called for an independent commission to permanently oversee the Police Department.

But acts of force by the police are still being caught on video, more than six weeks into the protests.

Axel Hernandez, a high school teacher in New York City who on June 3 filmed an officer throwing someone down by the neck, said he felt it was important to continue to keep watch over the police.

“Part of the reason we’re out here is because they were on George Floyd’s neck,” said Mr. Hernandez, 30. “This is exactly why we are protesting in the first place.”

See the full set of videos.

The Times sought and verified videos of police use of force at protests in New York City from May 28 to June 6. The following videos were compiled from Times reporting and lists shared by T. Greg Doucette, Corin Faife, a crowd-sourced effort started on Reddit and public responses to requests by the New York attorney general’s office and the city’s Civilian Complaint Review Board. Some are being made public for the first time. These videos are not an exhaustive accounting of police behavior at the protests. They have been edited for length and in some cases slowed down or annotated for clarity but are otherwise unaltered.

May 28

Union Square,

An officer grabs someone by their backpack, and several officers engage in a struggle as other people join to pull the person away.



Union Square,

Two officers lift their bicycles and push them repeatedly into a group of people, knocking one person over.

Requested anonymity

Union Square East and East 17th Street,

An officer hits someone in the leg with a baton, and the baton breaks.


Shimon Prokupecz

May 29

Tompkins and Lexington Avenues,

Two officers use a baton and hands to shove a person who falls backward to the pavement.



Classon and Putnam Avenues,

An officer shoves a person who falls backward into the street.


Mia Stange

Classon and Lafayette Avenues,

An officer shoves at least three people, one of whom is also shoved in the chest by a white-shirted officer.


John Philp

DeKalb and Classon Avenues,

An officer shoves two people, and one falls to the ground.

Requested anonymity

67 Fifth Avenue,

An officer grabs someone from behind and throws the person into a parked car, where they appear to hit their head. Another officer steps over the person’s immobile body.


Michael Thoreau

Greene and Classon Avenues,

An officer runs up and shoves someone several times, and then shoves a second and third person standing nearby.


Zach Williams

Fifth Avenue and Bergen Street,

A white-shirted officer shoves someone, who falls backward.



Flatbush Avenue and Pacific Street,

A video taken of a cracked cellphone screen shows someone approach an officer, who then strikes the first person in the face.


Nate Schweber/The New York Times

Barclays Center,

An officer shoves a protester, who falls to the ground.


Whitney Hu

Barclays Center,

Officers repeatedly hit two people with batons. Another officer pushes someone to the ground.


Jon Campbell

May 30

Broadway and East 14th Street,

An officer shoves a person with a baton.


Annika Schmidt

Flatbush Avenue Extension and DeKalb Avenue,

An officer hits a person in the face and knocks them down. The person gets up and moments later is pepper-sprayed and shoved again. Two more officers pepper-spray a crowd of people.


Jean-Cosme Delaloye/JCDe Productions

Flatbush Avenue Extension and Willoughby Street,

An officer shoves someone, who pushes back, and a second officer shoves the person over.


Donald Martell

Bedford and Tilden Avenues,

A person is being led away when an officer throws them to the ground.


Lauren Mitchell

137 Fourth Avenue,

An officer appears to use a baton to hit a person filming, and then shoves a second person, who is also carrying a camera. They can be heard saying they are press.


Sami Disu

Church and Rogers Avenues,

An officer pepper-sprays a crowd after two people in the crowd throw things at a line of officers.


P. Nick Curran

395 Flatbush Avenue Extension,

An officer runs up and shoves a person who is backing away, then chases the person down.


Brandon Scott

Bedford and Tilden Avenues,

An officer pushes through a crowd and grabs a person by the neck to push them aside. Another officer knocks the person over, and the first officer throws the person down again when they try to get up.


Doug Gordon

Bedford and Tilden Avenues,

An officer pulls down a protester’s mask and pepper-sprays the person’s face.


Anju J. Rupchandani

Flatbush and St. Marks Avenues,

Protesters block the path of a police car and pelt it with garbage. Two police cars then drive into the crowd, knocking over several people.



May 31

Broadway and East 12th Street,

An officer pepper-sprays a crowd, then knocks someone down with an elbow to the face.


David Siffert

Barclays Center,

A white-shirted officer pushes a protester backward with a baton.


Jake Offenhartz/WNYC

Atlantic Center,

Someone runs toward a person who is on the ground being detained by officers, and several people in blue uniforms beat the person on the ground with batons.

Noah Goldberg/The New York Daily News

Atlantic Terminal,

A group of officers hit a person who is on the ground numerous times with batons.


Jake Offenhartz/WNYC

Fourth Avenue and Pacific Street,

An officer pushes a protester whose hands are up. The protester falls backward over a garbage bag.

Andy Newman/The New York Times

F.D.R. Drive and Houston Street,

An officer walks along a roadway pepper-spraying protesters.


Carlos Polanco

Canal and Greene Streets,

An officer shoves a protester with a riot shield, the protester shoves back, and a second officer hits the protester on the head with a baton.


Gwynne Hogan/WNYC

Church and Canal Streets,

Officers rush a crowd and knock down a protester whose hands are up. A white-shirted officer drags another protester on the asphalt.


Nate Igor Smith

June 1

41 East 57th Street,

An officer running by a group of bystanders pepper-sprays them and keeps running.


Aaron Blanton

June 2

West and Rector Streets,

An officer approaches someone with a bicycle, striking the person in the legs with a baton.

Requested anonymity

17 Battery Place,

A white-shirted officer pushes one person down, and then shoves another. A second officer grabs a protester by the hair to bring her to the ground.


Brandon Remmert

West and Rector Streets,

An officer orders someone to put down a bicycle. The protester is then shoved to the ground before another officer approaches and pushes the protester’s head toward the pavement.

Requested anonymity

West and Morris Streets,

A protester is on the ground surrounded by multiple officers. An officer then strikes the person in the legs with a baton.


Ali Winston

60 West Street,

An officer and a protester appear to bump into each other, and the officer punches the protester in the head.


Ben Eustace

Fourth and Atlantic Avenues,

An officer shoves a protester to the ground and shoves a cyclist. The same officer then body-slams a third person to the pavement.


Daniel Altschuler

Fourth and Atlantic Avenues,

Several officers chase down and beat a person with their batons. A white-shirted officer runs up and steps on the person’s neck.

Allison McCann/The New York Times

Fifth Avenue and East 83rd Street,

An officer walks into a crowd to grab someone from behind and pull them to the ground. A second officer throws a second person to the ground.

Requested anonymity

June 3

Cadman Plaza,

An officer punches someone on the ground.

Meghann Perez

Cadman Plaza,

An officer shoves someone on a bicycle. Another officer shoves someone from behind. A third officer shoves another person from behind.

Casey Correa

Cadman Plaza,

An officer approaches a person walking with a bicycle, grabs the cyclist around the neck and pushes them to the ground.


Axel Hernandez

Cadman Plaza,

Three officers use riot shields to shove a protester who is astride a bike, and the protester falls down.


Axel Hernandez

Cadman Plaza,

An officer shoves a protester with a baton and the protester falls backward.


Mattie Barber-Bockelman

Cadman Plaza,

A protester states that someone is injured. Officers shove their way through the group and push at least two people to the ground.


Don P. Hooper

54th Street and Lexington Avenue,

An officer tries to restrain a protester who is holding on to a bicycle. The officer drags the protester, and the bicycle, until both fall to the ground.


Simran Jeet Singh

Third Avenue and 50th Street,

Multiple officers, including one in a white shirt, hit a cyclist with their batons.


Karla Moreno

June 4

Washington Avenue and Fulton Street,

An officer grabs someone, then shoves another person twice into a car.


Axel Hernandez

Flushing and Marcy Avenues,

A white-shirted officer shoves a person on a bicycle.

David Colombini

East 136th Street and Brook Avenue,

Multiple officers strike a group of protesters with their batons.


Jordan Jackson ;
Daniel Maiuri

East 136th Street and Brook Avenue,

An officer throws a protester to the ground to arrest the protester. Another person then interferes with the arresting officer. The officer turns, hits the person and shoves him.


Ray Mendez

East 136th Street and Brook Avenue,

A protester whose hands are up is saying something. An officer walks over and shoves the protester.


Jake Offenhartz/WNYC

Lee Avenue and Heyward Street,

An officer punches a person on the ground several times.


Oliver Rivard

Washington Avenue and Fulton Street,

A white-shirted officer uses a baton to strike a person on a bike.


John Knefel

Washington Avenue and Fulton Street,

Two white-shirted officers walking with a crowd grab and shove someone in the crowd.


Noah Hurowitz

East 136th Street and Brook Avenue,

A person says something to a white-shirted officer. The officer shoves the person over with a baton.


Andom Ghebreghiorgis

June 5

885 Nostrand Avenue,

An officer shoves someone on a bicycle, who falls over.

Requested anonymity

June 6

Nassau and Gold Streets,

A person is tackled to the ground by a group of officers and punched in the head multiple times.


Mike Hassell

Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg doing well after release from hospital for infection

The 87-year-old justice spent less than 48 hours in the hospital.

Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg was discharged from a Baltimore hospital Wednesday after receiving treatment for a possible infection, a Supreme Courtspokeswoman said.

Ginsburg’s release, coming less than 48 hours after she was admitted to Johns Hopkins Hospital, came sooner than the expected “few days” stay first anticipated by the court.

“She is home and doing well,” spokeswoman Kathy Arberg said in a statement.

The 87-year-old justice and four-time cancer survivor experienced fever and chills on Monday evening. She was later treated with intravenous antibiotics and underwent an endoscopic procedure to “clean out a bile duct stent,” according to the court.

The latest health scare for Ginsburg has rattled her supporters, who are hoping she will continue to serve until a Democratic president can name her replacement.

Ginsburg, who has continued to participate in court business — including dissents in two major death penalty cases in the last 24 hours — has said she will continue on the high court as long as she is mentally and physically able.

Appointment to the Supreme Court is for life, provided justices maintain good behavior. There are no rules mandating retirement by a certain age, under certain health conditions or other incapacities.

Ginsburg is the oldest member of the court.

In May 2020, the justice was treated for several days for an infection caused by a “benign gallbladder condition.” She was also hospitalized in November 2019 for a possible infection.

The health episode in May did not impede Ginsburg’s participation in court business and she participated in telephonic oral arguments from the hospital.

ABC News confirmed this spring that Ginsburg had been continuing her famous workouts during the pandemic at a special fitness space set aside for her inside the courthouse. In January, she declared that she is “cancer free.”

The justices completed their historic term last week with a pair of rulings over subpoenas for Trump’s financial records. The court remains in recess until October.

Trump finalizes rollback of bedrock environmental law NEPA | TheHill

The White House finalized its rollback of one of the nation’s bedrock environmental laws Wednesday, with President TrumpDonald John TrumpIvanka Trump pitches Goya Foods products on Twitter Sessions defends recusal: ‘I leave elected office with my integrity intact’ Former White House physician Ronny Jackson wins Texas runoff MORE calling the law the “single biggest obstacle” to major construction projects.

Critics say the rollback will gut the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), which for 50 years has required the government to weigh environmental and community concerns before approving pipelines, highways, drilling permits, new factories or any major action on federal lands.

The changes from the Trump administration aim to streamline environmental reviews that industry complains can take years to complete. The reviews can take roughly four and a half years, while the White House would like to reduce that to two years.

The rollback removes requirements to consider climate change before proceeding on a project.

Protocols for weighing concerns from nearby communities — often communities of color — would become far more complex.

It also opens the door for more industry involvement in reviewing the environmental impacts of their projects or nixing reviews entirely for some projects that receive little federal funding.

“Today’s action is part of my administration’s fierce commitment to slashing the web of needless bureaucracy that is holding back our citizens. I’ve been wanting to do this from day one,” Trump said to a crowd at the UPS Hapeville Airport Hub in Atlanta. “It’s one of the biggest things we can be doing for our country.”

Trump promised the new rule would reduce traffic in congestion-plagued Atlanta, arguing the changes would help with the expansion of the three lane I-75 highway near the facility where an express lane was recently added. His overtures in the state come as Democrats are increasingly eyeing Georgia as a potential battleground in November.

Conservatives have repeatedly hailed changes in the law as a way to deal with traffic congestion, but NEPA covers a wide range of projects that emit a variety of pollutants. 

Throughout his administration, Trump has hammered the law as being a roadblock to big construction projects he says will help create jobs as well as ensure construction of pipelines he promised to build during the campaign. The rule follows several executive orders that also aimed to weaken NEPA in the name of boosting the economy.

“Trump’s absolute gutting of these regulations runs completely counter to the intent of the statute,” said Christy Goldfuss, the former head of the White House Council on Environmental Quality under former President Obama. She now works at the Center for American Progress.

“The intent of the law is that humans and nature coexist for the benefit of all. These new regulations couldn’t be farther from the original purpose, and they are unlikely to stand up in court,” she said.

Trump’s rewrite of the law eliminates the government’s responsibility to consider the cumulative effects of projects, something courts have largely interpreted as studying how a project might contribute to climate change. 

In the case of a highway, that could mean not just the environmental damage from the road itself, but the impact of the greenhouse gas emitting vehicles that drive on it. The government would also need to weigh how the project would add to pollution already being emitted by other nearby roadways.

“This idea of cumulative impacts is really core to the way NEPA works, and arguably there is no greater environmental crisis that is tied to cumulative impacts than climate change,” Goldfuss said. “Because it’s really about greenhouse gases on top of greenhouse gases and other pollution adding up to this global disaster that we’re all experiencing.”

Failure to weigh the big picture could be particularly damaging to poor communities and communities of color that are disproportionately selected as the site for polluting industries and projects, critics say. 

Historically, NEPA has allowed communities to challenge projects and push for alternatives, such as expanding solar and wind rather than building a pipeline in order to deliver power.

But the rewrite allows permit applicants to limit the range of alternatives that can be considered, while communities seeking to challenge a project will now need to offer far more onerous critiques.

“It requires comments to be really specific, to site page numbers and be really technical in ways that can be really challenging for communities. They may need to hire people to write their letters, if they can afford to do that,” said Kym Hunter, a senior attorney with the Southern Environmental Law Center, which has helped numerous majority-minority towns challenge polluting projects. 

Rep. Nanette Diaz Barragán (D-Calif.), whose constituents have fought a number of projects, called NEPA a critical tool for civil rights.

“With today’s Trump administration rule, fossil fuel corporations will be able to ram harmful projects through without considering the pollution dangers to people in nearby neighborhoods. NEPA gives our very vulnerable communities across the country an opportunity to make our voices heard and stop pollution in our own backyards,” she said. “President Trump is trying to rob us of our voice. We will not be silenced.” 

The changes have been largely supported by industry.

“NEPA permitting reforms will allow the U.S. to safely build energy infrastructure, provide job opportunities to American communities, and help expand our national economy,” said Anne Bradbury, CEO for the American Exploration & Production Council, which represents oil and natural gas exploration and production companies.

However some have raised concerns the new language is vague and could slow down permitting by sowing more confusion. 

The American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, which builds many of the nation’s roadways, pushed back on having to seek approval from a “senior agency official” in order to exceed the page and time limits set forth in the regulations.

“Agency decision-makers should have flexibility to shape the breadth and depth of NEPA reviews as needed to properly inform the decisions entrusted to them, including flexibility to exceed limits at their discretion,” the group said, referring to state-level officials. “The additional procedural step is an unnecessary administrative burden and will cause project delay.” 

Environmental groups have already pledged to file lawsuits challenging the rollback, another element of uncertainty for businesses weighing new projects. 

Hunter said she feels confident environmental groups have a good case. The White House has violated numerous procedural rules, she said, while its claims that it is seeking to modernize the law are undermined by its exclusion of climate change impacts.

But she’s worried if the rule is allowed to stand, the government will make poor choices with impacts that could last decades.

“NEPA is about forcing the government to think carefully before it makes decisions,” she said, adding that getting public feedback on a wide range of options is critical.

“They have to come to terms with what that action is going to look like and if it’s worth the costs. If the government doesn’t need to do that hard look anymore, both from a community perspective and from a good government perspective, I don’t think it’s going to have the tools it needs to make good decisions.”